Black Sea

Iranian President Ebrahim Raisi (right) greets his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in Tehran on Tuesday

Israel, Poland and the Week when Europe’s Fate Hangs in the Balance

In the cascade of epochal events that have battered the foundations of our post-Cold War world in recent years, the phrase “turning point” has become cliché. From Putin’s snatching of Crimea in 2014 to Obama’s near-criminal Iran deal in 2015, ISIS and the Syrian butchery, Brexit and Trump, China’s rise […]

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Russian black sea fleet exercise

The Maritime Character of the Russo-Ukrainian War

Russia’s recent wave of attacks on Odesa and its surrounding ports demonstrate again the maritime fundamentals of the Ukraine War – and again reinforce the need to consider both faster materiel transfers. It also presents a major opportunity for NATO to consider the reimposition of deterrence and escalatory ceilings. The

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Putin and Erdogan

How Biden can Punish Russia for Abandoning its Black Sea Grain Agreement

The death of the Black Sea grain agreement should prompt a fundamental reassessment of American policy. This decision demonstrates President Vladimir Putin’s conviction that a long war remains Russia’s best, and perhaps only, strategic option. Therefore, there is no purpose to negotiations until he is disabused of this notion. Turkey, meanwhile, has demonstrated its

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Crimean Bridge Blast

Strategic Nexus: The Black Sea, Great Power Competition, and the Russo-Ukrainian War

View Full PDF EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Black Sea is a key node in Eurasian strategic competition. This has been true since the 16th century. The Black Sea is part of a broader interconnected maritime space that includes the Levantine Basin, Red Sea, and Western Indian Ocean. This maritime space is

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Arleigh Burke Class destroyer operates in the Black Sea

The U.S. Needs a Black Sea Strategy

American foreign policy has always sought to ensure the Western Hemisphere remained free of Eurasian political influence. Since World War I, this has meant active participation in the Eurasian balance to disrupt or defeat aspiring Eurasian hegemons. Today, America needs a Black Sea strategy that furthers its Eurasian interests. Sens.

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Crimean canal dam blown by occupying Russian forces

The Crimea Question

Russia’s Black Sea position has Eurasian strategic significance because the Ukraine War is a Eurasian War, not a European one. As the balance shifts against Russia, escalation becomes more probable, and as the Indo-Pacific balance of forces shifts, U.S. policymakers must consider the facts. Ejecting Russia from Crimea should be

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Sea Breeze

Yorktown Discussion-The State of the Black Sea

Join Yorktown Institute and Romania’s New Strategy Center for a discussion on Russia’s threat to the Black Sea, the maritime element of the war in Ukraine, the strategic importance of Snake Island, and US and NATO policy needed to assure security in the region. Introductory remarks: ❖ Seth Cropsey, President,

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