In the cascade of epochal events that have battered the foundations of our post-Cold War world in recent years, the phrase “turning point” has become cliché. From Putin’s snatching of Crimea in 2014 to Obama’s near-criminal Iran deal in 2015, ISIS and the Syrian butchery, Brexit and Trump, China’s rise […]
Russia’s recent wave of attacks on Odesa and its surrounding ports demonstrate again the maritime fundamentals of the Ukraine War – and again reinforce the need to consider both faster materiel transfers. It also presents a major opportunity for NATO to consider the reimposition of deterrence and escalatory ceilings. The
The death of the Black Sea grain agreement should prompt a fundamental reassessment of American policy. This decision demonstrates President Vladimir Putin’s conviction that a long war remains Russia’s best, and perhaps only, strategic option. Therefore, there is no purpose to negotiations until he is disabused of this notion. Turkey, meanwhile, has demonstrated its
View Full PDF EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Black Sea is a key node in Eurasian strategic competition. This has been true since the 16th century. The Black Sea is part of a broader interconnected maritime space that includes the Levantine Basin, Red Sea, and Western Indian Ocean. This maritime space is
American foreign policy has always sought to ensure the Western Hemisphere remained free of Eurasian political influence. Since World War I, this has meant active participation in the Eurasian balance to disrupt or defeat aspiring Eurasian hegemons. Today, America needs a Black Sea strategy that furthers its Eurasian interests. Sens.
The Ukraine War approaches its nine-month mark with no end in sight, no easy path to extrication or war termination, and no clear and clean victory without risk. In this context, it is crucial to recall the war’s strategic importance and recognize that the Black Sea is the prize Russia seeks.
Ukraine’s victory in Kherson Oblast has confirmed the centrality of sea access in the war with Russia. As Ukraine plans its next move, and Russia responds to Ukraine’s advances, Western policymakers must prioritize Ukraine’s victory at sea, and ensure that Kyiv has the tools it requires to break Russian sea
Russia’s Black Sea position has Eurasian strategic significance because the Ukraine War is a Eurasian War, not a European one. As the balance shifts against Russia, escalation becomes more probable, and as the Indo-Pacific balance of forces shifts, U.S. policymakers must consider the facts. Ejecting Russia from Crimea should be
Join Yorktown Institute and Romania’s New Strategy Center for a discussion on Russia’s threat to the Black Sea, the maritime element of the war in Ukraine, the strategic importance of Snake Island, and US and NATO policy needed to assure security in the region. Introductory remarks: ❖ Seth Cropsey, President,